Major depression, also known as major depressive disorder(MDD), is a depressive or mental condition characterized by at least two weeks of persistently low mood, low self-esteem, and lack of interest or pleasure in things that are typically pleasurable. People who are affected by severe major depression may also have hallucinations or delusions from time to time.
Major depression is diagnosed using a person's stated symptoms and the results of an examination of their mental state. There is no laboratory test for the disease; however, testing may be performed to rule out physical disorders that might cause comparable symptoms. The average onset age is between 35 and 40 years old, with females affected almost twice as frequently as males. The disorder can range from a single episode lasting months to a lifetime condition characterized by recurring severe depressive episodes.
Some common causes of major depression include:
According to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), a person suffering from major depression may display a variety of symptoms. These symptoms may consist of:
Typical depression is characterized by low motivation, sadness, and an increased urge to sleep, while major depressive condition includes several symptoms. Individuals' major depressive disorder might differ in terms of symptom severity, symptom recurrence, and a set of specifiers that define the condition's specific features.
The severity of major depressive illness may be broken down into three categories:
Specifiers further describe additional characteristics of major depression.
The most prevalent characteristics of major depression include:
There are multiple ways to be treated for major depression; therefore, each individual should get the care that is suited to their own needs. A professional treatment plan, which frequently involves psychotherapy, medication management, and lifestyle adjustments, can alleviate depressive symptoms. Let’s look at those treatment options in more detail below:
Psychotherapy is also known as "talk therapy". A person suffering from major depression generally attends sessions with a therapist to identify and treat symptoms related to depression. The most common types of therapy utilized in the treatment of major depression are cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, and acceptance and commitment therapy.
Antidepressants can be helpful in managing major depression. People who are interested in taking medication for depression should always speak with their primary care physician or psychiatrist before beginning treatment with a new prescription. This will assist them in minimizing adverse effects and identifying the most effective therapy solutions.
Lifestyle changes can complement and enhance the efficacy of therapy and medicines. However, changing one's lifestyle is not a good substitute for seeking treatment from a skilled professional.
Among the lifestyle modifications that can help with clinical depression are:
People who once suffered clinical depression could have symptoms back in the future. To prevent another episode of depression, it is important to be informed of the causes of major depression and to continue taking the medication prescribed to prevent a recurrence. This is the most effective method for preventing a recurrence of depression. In addition, it is crucial to be aware of the signs and symptoms of clinical depression and to get immediate medical attention if you encounter any of the symptoms.
Some individuals may feel that they can manage major depression without professional assistance. Seeking help for mental health problems may be scary, but you are not alone. One in five Americans suffer from mental health issues, and many feel better when they seek help. There are many online mental health care providers who you can access without leaving your home. If you have tried treatments for major depression and you are not feeling any better, ketamine therapy may be helpful for you.
Isha Health provides online ketamine therapy. If you'd like to speak to our medical team, click here.